Golestan Royal Palace Tehran Iran

Golestan Royal Palace Tehran Iran – Golestan Palace is one of the extraordinary historical complexes of Iran, which was built in different periods and for different functions. This name is taken from the Golestan Hall located in the secondary building. The construction of this complex began during the Safavid period. Bagh Chahar and Chenaristan in the northern part of the complex was built during the time of Shah Abbas I and the royal building was added here, but today nothing remains of it.

The oldest buildings of the Golestan complex are Takht Marmar Evan (Ivan Takht Marmar) and Khlot Karimkhani belonging to the period of Karim Khan Zand. This palace was further expanded during the Qajar period and served as the residence of the Qajar kings.

Golestan Royal Palace Tehran Iran

After the conquest of the first Pahlavi dynasty, a large part of the Tehran citadel, including the walls, the entrance gate of Bab Ali, the financial section, the gallery, the government support, the Narenjestan, the Golshan garden and the internal buildings, as well as this palace, became ruins. It is used as a center for official ceremonies, as a residence for presidents and foreign guests of honor.

Golestan Palace In Tehran

In the past, Golestan Palace had many buildings, including the inner building, the Naseri square, the Khan Moghfoor hall, the outer building, the Sanduq Khana building, and the royal throne. . (large closet) should be mentioned.

Currently, visitors can see the following buildings in the palace with different styles and beautiful architectural decorations: Ivan’s marble bed, Karimkhani’s privacy, the museum room (Salam Hall) and its cisterns (Hawzkhaneh), Mirror Hall, Ivory Hall. or traditional restaurants. ., Derakhshan Hall or Ceremonies, Library, Shams-ul-Amara Building, Badgir Building and its large pond, Diamond Hall, Abiz Palace, Chadorkhane.

Today, each section has found new functions: ethnographic museums, royal artefacts storage, library and administrative offices.

Tags architecture art & Golestan Palace Culture History Iran Heritage Museum Museums Tehran Palaces Tourist Places Tehran Province UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran When the Qajar dynasty chose Tehran as its capital in 1794, the rulers began to build a new residence on the site of the 16th century. Safavid castle The result was Golestan Palace, a magnificent complex of 17 magnificent buildings arranged around a large and beautiful garden. Its halls contain architectural and artistic marvels, from stunning mirrorwork to marble thrones and turrets overlooking the city. The legacy of this place, which was used by four Iranian dynasties, paints a clear picture of power and beauty in the heart of Tehran.

Exterior Of Golestan Palace In Tehran, Iran Editorial Photography

Although the importance of Golestan Palace increased when the Qajar made Tehran their capital in 1794, it was actually built in 1524 during the Safavid dynasty. The palace, along with a defensive wall to protect the living lineage. In 1750, Shah Karim Khan Zand remained in this position until the beginning of the Zand dynasty, who oversaw the renovation of the palace. After his assassination in 1797, the palace became an official venue for royal receptions. The new Pahlavi Empire did not use the Golestan Palace as a residence and instead built its own palaces in Niavaran.

Of the 17 temples built during the Qajar dynasty, eight main buildings and their museums are located in Golestan Palace. These include Takht Marmar Mansion, Hoz Museum, Shams-ul-Amara Mansion, Badgir Mansion, Photo House Museum, Diamond Mansion, Anthropology Museum, and the Main Museum (which includes special galleries and museums and the Special Palace).

In addition to traditional Iranian architecture, Golestan Palace also has examples of 18th century European neoclassical architecture. There are many European paintings in the halls as well as on the walls – a style mainly brought by Nasiruddin Shah. This fusion of art and architecture, or East and West, is not limited to the palace itself, as even the white marble fountain at the entrance is inspired by European Renaissance architecture.

Golestan Palace consists of eight museums that visitors can visit on foot. They represent different parts of the palace and Iranian culture, and each has its own characteristics that can only be seen there. Eight museums are highlighted here, but this order does not constitute a suggested itinerary, as the visitor is free to visit as they wish.

The Temple Of The Mirror Of The Royal Palace Of Tehran, Iran Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 112793125

One of the highlights of Takht Marmar Mansion is the exquisite works of art that adorn the walls, beds and architecture of the mansion. Here the Qajar kings used to sit and listen to the pleas and complaints of their subjects. This mansion has been renovated and changed over the years to finally become what you see today. The marble throne that gave the museum its name was added by the order of Feth Ali Shah Qajar and placed in the center of the royal balcony. Visitors can view the bed from the courtyard.

The Ashtrak Museum shows the connections of Qajar with Europe and the journey of Qajar kings to the old continent. Art in Golestan Palace is heavily influenced by European artists. After Naser al-Din Shah Qajar returned from his European trip, this place was redesigned and painted. Although it is called a swimming pool museum, there is no swimming pool in this area but it is defined as a place with cool air used for recreation.

Shams-ul-Amara Mansion is one of the jewels of Golestan Palace and a museum that you must visit. This is a five-story building that was built on the order of Naseruddin Shah. It is said that this building was one of the tallest buildings in Iran at the time of its construction. The inspiration for such a tall building came from Safar al-Din’s trip to Europe, where he was fascinated by skyscrapers. This building shows the growth of urban development in Iran and was built at the same time as Nasirieh street.

Badgir Museum or Badgir Mansion is a beautiful building that was built during the reign of Feth Ali Shah. Its main room is decorated with stunning mosaics. The name of the museum is derived from the windmills that are located in the pond next to the mansion. There are four tall gables with mosaic tiles. The pool house was mainly used by the royal family during the summer months, as fans cooled the air in the corridors and rooms of the house.

The Entrance To Golestan Palace, Tehran

The House Photo Museum is a part of the palace dedicated to the exhibition and storage of various photos from the Qajar dynasty, as well as the photographic equipment of their time. This museum shows Naseruddin Shah’s love for photography and some of his photos and manuscripts are kept in the museum.

This museum, which is one of the oldest buildings of Golestan Palace, is notable for its architectural style. With countless facilities such as halls, rooms and attics, the Diamond Museum is worthy of its name for the inner mirror of the mansion. The decor of the property has changed over time and its walls are covered with wallpapers in different styles from around the world. During the time of Nasir al-Din Shah, the architectural style was changed in such a way that it became compatible with Roman architecture, which was more similar to European architectural styles.

The Museum of Anthropology, also known as the White House, houses great works of art and priceless treasures. Gifted to the Qajar family by Ottoman King Sultan Abdülhamid, the museum includes Louis XVI steel sofas, velvet curtains, bronze and gold sculptures, and several Turkish carpets. Interestingly, the White House was built to store and keep these gifts. Later, during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi, the Museum of Anthropology was established in the palace. He was responsible for promoting the establishment of the museum and assigned experts to look for works in the country that depict life in different regions or Iran to be displayed in the museum. This is a great museum and the collection is a must see.

Golestan Palace can be reached by car and on foot. Since Tehran was chosen as the capital by the Qajar dynasty, the city developed around the palace, making it the center. This, along with Tehran’s strong public transportation system, makes it easy to reach the palace from many parts of the city.

Golestan Palace Edifice Of The Sun Towers Editorial Stock Image

To get there, take metro line 1 to Panzade Khordad metro station (15 Khordad metro station). There is a cobblestone street outside the subway. It follows a paved street right in front of the palace. Tehran metro tickets are sold as single, two-way, one-day and multi-day tickets. You can download Tehran Metro application to plan your trip.

Visitors are advised to have at least two hours to visit Golestan Palace. This can vary as each of the eight museums sell tickets separately, but they are all close to each other. There are also many guided tours in the area, some of which have separate options for their guides

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