Fin Garden In Iran

Fin Garden In Iran – The Fin Garden is a Persian garden located near the village of Pin, a few kilometers southwest of Kashan, Iran. It combines architectural elements from the Safavid, Zand and Qajar periods. With many fountains, ponds, streams and ancient trees, it is one of the most famous and beautiful Persian gardens in Iran.

It is said that the origin of the garden is from the Safavids. Therefore, the remains of the old garden must be abandoned in favor of building a new garden. However, this has yet to be proven. Bagh-e Fin has been described since 1504 when the Safavid ruler Ismail arrived here.

Fin Garden In Iran

In its current form, the garden was built as a traditional Persian garden under the Safavid ruler Abbas I (1629-1571), according to a description from the time of Abbas II.

File:arches In Fin Garden, Kashan, Iran, October 2017.jpg

The garden was expanded and partially rebuilt under Abbas II (1633–1666) and under the Qajar ruler Fath Ali Shah (1799–1834). All the buildings still visible today belong to Fath Ali Shah. In 1852, Mirza Taghi Khan, also known as Amir Kabir, the prime minister of the Qajar ruler Nasr al-Din Shah, was killed here; Said by a messenger from the ruler. After that, the garden remained barren for a long time and was destroyed several times until 1935. The garden was registered as a historical monument of Iran in 1935 and was proposed for the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007, which was added in 2011. .

Although the tower in the northeast corner is gone, Finn’s garden is surrounded by a defensive wall with a tower at each of the four corners. In the northwest corner there is a second wall containing an extension of the garden. The bets limit the area of ​​the garden of 2.3 dunams. The walls and towers are built on a 2 meter high stone foundation (corsi-chini), on top of which rises a 4-6 meter wall of raw earth and adobe. The original decorations can be found in the raw land, but today almost nothing remains.

The main entrance to Fin Garden is located on the northwest wall of the garden. Built during the Safavid period, the building was extensively renovated during the Qajar period, especially under the leadership of minister Mirza Mahmoud Ithasham al-Saltan at the beginning of the 20th century.

The two-story entrance building rests on a stone foundation laid in lime mortar. The ceiling of the entrance hall is decorated with geometric stucco motifs. A wooden door gives access to the room, the original entrance hall (hasti) whose roof is decorated with tiles and burnt bricks. There are also some side rooms and a corridor leading to the garden. On the second floor is a large room with doors carved with woven motifs. On either side of the main entrance, smaller entrances are used for pets.

Fin Garden, Kushak Pavilion, Detail Of The Ceiling, Unesco World Heritage Site, Kashan, Isfahan Province, Islamic Republic Of Iran, Middle East

In the south-western wall of the garden, Fath Ali Shah ordered the construction of the Goparam (Chahar Takhi). Its construction is based on a foundation of stone mortar and lime with mud bricks and dry mud bricks. The floor is paved with marble. The paintings that covered the vaults are now gone.

The central pavilion (Shah Abbasi Shoter Glo) was built by order of Shah Abbas I. It is located at the intersection of the four main axes of the garden. It is connected to Karim Khan’s private house and Shah-Nash’s alcove to the south, the main entrance to the garden to the north, the library and baths to the east, and the museum to the west.

The structure of this two-story building is made of clay, covered with terracotta bricks and ceramic tiles. With the floor leveled it was placed on a base covered with marble tiles. On the garden floor, entrances are arranged from all four sides, so that you can enter it from any side of the garden. In the center of the building, a small pool was fed from a channel that connected directly to the source of the fin. Shah Safi I and Amir Kabir performed ablution in a separate room.

The upper level of the Shah Abbasi Shutar Gallo was rebuilt by the Zand and Qajar rulers after the earthquake of 1786. In 1811, the walls received a new decoration, commissioned by Fath Ali Shah. These paintings depicted the king around his court or the king hunting. The pavilion was eventually destroyed and later rebuilt during the riots against the Qajar kings in the early 20th century.

Fin Garden (bagh E Fin)

The Finn Library was established in 1955 with the support of a group of prominent people in Khan, including Elhayer Saleh. Amir Kabir appointed.

In the western part of the garden is the Kashan National Museum with archaeological finds from Tappe Sialk, Chogha Janbil, Hasanlu, Khorwin and Lorestan etc. Ethnographic objects, (nostalgic) calligraphy by artists from the Qajar period and contemporary handicrafts are also displayed.

The building that now houses the National Museum of Kashan was opened in 1958, built on the ruins of Nazmoldola on the western wall of the garden. It is a 300 square meter building. The entrance is decorated with tiles and glazed bricks from Warak, with the inscription “Bagh-e Fin Museum Themed 1958”.

The royal baths in the fin garden were built during the Safavid period, during the reign of Shah Abbas I. They are built like the other gardens. Small bathrooms were reserved for the servants’ use. The bathroom floor is 1 meter below the garden level, to facilitate the supply of water to the hot water tank.

Hidden Architecture » Bagh E Fin Garden

It is crossed by several small ponds and canals, most of which are irrigated with a system of canals from the Sulmania spring to the fin garden. The pressure is so high that some pools and fountains do not require a pump to feed them. Designed for Shah Abbas I in the 16th century, this magnificent garden is notable for its symmetrical proportions, old cedars, spring-fed pools and fountains. The embodiment of the Persian Garden and the embodiment of the Garden of Eden. Due to its influence on garden design from India and Spain, Fin Garden, located on the outskirts of Fin, 9 kilometers southwest of the center of Kashan, has rightly earned a place on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

In contrast to the dry area, the garden flows from a natural spring of warm clear water through a series of pools and fountains with turquoise tiles and continues along the main road.

(Drainage, pronounced ‘Zoavim’). The evergreen trees within the garden are up to 500 years old, and the extensive garden of complementary deciduous trees operates year-round.

A two-story pool with running water in the center of the houses on the ground floor and an entertainment pavilion garden in the back. Built in the later Qajar period, this delightful building features an elaborately painted dome with exterior vignettes (including a half-naked beauty in the act of bathing). In the adjacent rooms, stalactite ceilings and stained glass windows play a role in keeping the visitor with blue, white and green glass and making the room seem fresh, relaxing and larger; In contrast, red, orange and yellow glass has the opposite effect, making the room warmer in winter. Interestingly, the combination of red and blue confuses insects and repels mosquitoes.

Main Alley Of The Kashan Fin Garden, Also Known As Bagh E Fin Park. It Is A Touristic Landmark Of Kashan, Iran Editorial Photography

The compound on one side of the park is famous for being the place where the nationalist Mirza Takhi Khan, better known as Amir Kabir, was killed. Amir Kabir served as prime minister under the leadership of Nasir Uddin Shah between 1848 and 1851. He was a modernizer, mainly in the fields of education and administration, who brought about important changes, but his popularity was not appreciated in the royal court and in the United Kingdom. The last end of the Shah’s mother. She convinced her son to go. Amir was imprisoned in Kabir’s wing garden and finally killed in a bathhouse, although some say he cut his wrists. Inside, the characters presented on stage from the drama as selfies were taken by many people who came to honor a hero.

With extra time, the modest Kashan National Museum, housed in a small pavilion on the grounds, is worth a quick visit. Some fine examples of Kashani velvet and brocade are on display there, and there are some ceramics and calligraphy. A scale model of the garden helps show its exact dimensions from an aerial perspective.

Don’t leave the garden without stopping at the Finn Garden Tea House, set in its own charming little garden. Near the source of the spring, the stream is thick with warm water-loving fish and is covered with old trees. The tea specialty is pillow barley soup (IR 50,000) in winter and rose water ice cream in summer.

Fin Garden is located at the end of Amir Kabir Street and can be reached by taxi

Fin Garden (fin Bath) 2023

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