Carpets In Iran – Nain is a city located 150 km east of Isfahan in central Iran. It is relatively new to the carpet world compared to the ancient weaving centers of Kashan, Isfahan and Yazd. Although he began producing Isfahan carpets, he began to develop his own style in the mid-1930s. Due to the high quality of local workshops, very beautiful and precise designs were made. Fatullah Habibyan (1903-1995) operated one of the most famous workshops in Nain and is considered the “Father of Nain Carpets”. Fine Carpet Manufacturing During his school days, his brother Mohammad and Fatullah Habib are responsible for designing and weaving the world’s finest Nain.
These rugs usually have a very fine wool or cotton base with wool and silk. Most Nain rugs have at least some silk detailing. Quality is measured not only in pounds per square inch (KPSI), which averages around 300, but also in LAA. LAA is the Persian term for the number of lanes that make up each end. Nain with LAA 9 is a good quality carpet (but lower quality than real Nains), while 4 LAA is the best. LAA is related to KPSI because it allows for tighter solutions.
Carpets In Iran
We recently sent a high quality Nain carpet for repair. The owner of the carpet rolled it up to protect it, unfortunately water and moisture seeped into the area where it touched the floor. This is a major restoration project, and we will keep you updated on the restoration work on our Persian rug restoration page. Persian carpets or Iranian carpets date back to about 2500 years ago. The Iranians were the pioneers of carpet weaving in ancient civilizations, and over the centuries creativity and genius in this field have achieved great perfection. The art of carpet making is a family secret passed down through the generations. Tracing the history of Iranian carpets will help reveal the cultural development of one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever seen.
Young Iranian Carpet Seller Presenting Persian Carpets To Tourists In A Carpet Shop, Isfihan, Iran Editorial Photo
Even today, with population growth in the early stages of a growing industrial society, the Persian connection to carpets remains strong. A dull and lifeless Iranian home without Iranian carpets reflects the deep connection between the people and their national art.
Among the first carpet weavers in the ancient world were the Iranians. The oldest Persian carpet was called “pazyrik”. It was found in a frozen tomb associated with a Scythian ruler in Siberia and is believed to date back to around 500 AD. Now it is stored in St. Petersburg
E. K. In the first millennium, in the Pazyryk valley, under the grassy meadows of the vast Ukok plain, where the borders of China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia meet, the Scythian peoples lived. In general, the Scythians are considered to be a nomadic, semi-sedentary people from Iran. They spoke the Scythian branch of Iranian languages and practiced various ancient Iranian religions. These tribes raised large herds of animals, especially horses. They dug their graves in the cold and covered the dead with piles of wood and stones. Therefore, all the excavated objects were brought out of their frozen tombs in amazingly preserved condition. Pazyryk carpet opener, professor
It is believed to have been an artifact of the Achaemenid Empire in Persia. Many carpet experts also believe that it came from Persia or Armenia. However, its exact origin remains a mystery, as both Persia and Armenia have traditions of carpet weaving, and the horses on the carpet are almost identical to the frieze of the ancient Persian city of Persepolis.
Carpet Museum Of Iran
The first documented evidence of Persian carpets comes from Chinese texts dating to the Sassanid period (224-641 AD). However, there is written evidence of the existence, value and quality of Persian carpets in Greek historiography.
The art of carpet weaving has undergone many changes during different periods of Iranian history. It reached its peak during the early Islamic period, but declined during the Mongol invasion. After the conquest, the art flourished again during the Mughal-Timur and Patriarchal dynasties. Although architecture and painting were the main areas of art during the Safavid period, the textile industry and carpet weaving were also important. In the 16th century, until today, mainly Bedouin crafts were transformed into royal industries based on palace workshops. The most famous type of carpet from this period, which represents the pinnacle of design, is the Ardabil carpet, from 1539.
Ardabil carpets are Iranian carpets woven during the reign of Safyan Shah Tahmasp for the tomb of the Safavid ancestor Sheikh Safi in Ardabil. One of them is now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the other in the Los Angeles Museum of Art.
These carpets are among the most luxurious in the world in terms of design and texture, and are also included in the list of 50 selected masterpieces of the world. They were probably woven on the orders of Shah Tahmasp I and the work was completed in 13
Fly On Persian Carpets And Rugs
During his reign, it was spread over the floor of the “Gandil Khana” hall in the mausoleum of Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardabili. In 1840, an earthquake struck Ardabil, which destroyed the Sheikh Safi shrine and damaged the carpets. The trustees of the temple, while looking for a way to finance the reconstruction, found a British firm called Ziegler & Partners, which was involved in the carpet business and was headquartered in Manchester. Ziegler bought the rugs for 80 bucks and quickly took them to England and left the patients in the hands of a restorer, who restored both rugs in a smooth and safe operation. But there was a problem during the restoration. two bets left the factory. The edges of one were used to restore the other, and the result was a complete carpet, without edges.
Iranian rugs are usually made from a blend of wool and cotton. Camel hair is also used in Hamedan and Kurdistan regions. Silk is also used to make beautiful carpets such as Gome and Tabriz carpets. Authentic Iranian carpets are traditionally made of knotted and twisted threads and thousands of knots that make up the texture of the carpet.
Iranians were among the oldest carpet weavers in the ancient world, and their weaving techniques date back at least 2,500 years. The basic structure of a handmade rug consists of three parts. Cotton threads are pulled through the vertical fabric to form the “wrap” of the rug. The woolen threads are then woven into the carpet to form a pile of carpet. Finally, the pile is provided with cotton threads, which are woven horizontally to form the “weave” shape of the carpet.
The type of fabric used in carpet knots is the main difference you see in handmade carpets. There are two main types: Turkish button (also called a
Qum Silk Rug Persian Prayer Carpet 13187
The symmetrical button technique was used at least 2500 years ago in Iran. Azerbaijani, Bakhtiya, Kurdish and Bedouin tribes weave carpets with symmetrical knots, and no one knows why this knot is mistakenly called the Turkish knot. A symmetrical knot is the strongest knot in a rug. In a symmetrical knot, the thread passes through the middle of the two threads and exits after turning around. Pulling on one end of the chain tightens the knot. Turkish knots are common in carpets made in northwestern Iran, Kurdistan, Azerbaijan and, of course, Turkey. This strong, symmetrical knot forms a very consistent pile and is commonly used in thick carpets.
The asymmetrical knot is known as the Persian knot and is often used in carpets from central and eastern Iran, Pakistan and India. In a Persian knot, half is tied tightly around the stem, while the other half is left loose. The resulting asymmetric knots can be pulled tighter than Turkish knots, making Persian knots ideal for high-density rugs.
There are many types of Iranian handmade carpets. Due to the variety of production method, size, materials, quality, style, fineness, design, color, appearance and structural differences, there are special products of Iranian handmade carpets, each of which has a specific name.
Urban rugs are rugs woven in an urban workshop. Iranian civilian carpets or urban carpets, usually woven in urban workshops, are usually fine and have a relatively high density. During the Safavid era, carpet weaving became widespread in the cities, and large carpet weaving workshops were established in Isfahan and Tabriz.
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A rustic rug is a rug woven with a simple and basic pattern, a
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