Iran Section In Louvre Museum

Iran Section In Louvre Museum – A few years after the Great French Revolution, in 1793, the government established the museum under the name “Central Art Museum”. First, the archaeological section of the museum contains several ancient objects of Greco-Roman art and architecture.

During the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah, the fourth ruler of the Qajar dynasty, a French archaeological team led by Marcel-Auguste Deulafo came to Iran to seek permission to excavate ancient sites in Iran. After the approval of the king, this company was given the desired position. That is why the process of transferring the works of Iranian culture abroad is accepted.

Iran Section In Louvre Museum

A French political group led by Jean-Jacques de Morgan continued these excavations in Susa. He bequeathed his most famous works to the Louvre Museum. Another discovery in the Susa region was made by a French archaeologist. Ronald D. McQueenam expanded the scope of his research in this area.

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Some time later, Roman Girshman excavated the royal city of “Untash-Napirisha”, which was later called “Chogasanbil” for his large ziggurat. According to an agreement between the governments of Iran and France, half of his property was given to the Louvre Museum. Another person who can collect antiques in Iran is a diplomat named Keyword. During his mission in Iran, he acquired and collected rich and beautiful examples of “Women of Lurestan” and sold his collection to the Louvre Museum in 1958.

In this article, we introduce some famous people who are aware of culture and history.

Before De Morgan’s discovery, very little was known about the Elamite culture. But the excavations of French archaeologists are surprising. After that, the culture of Elam was able to reveal its secrets, reveal its history and culture.

One of the most important finds from these excavations is the statue of Queen Napirasu, dated between 1300 and 1340 BC. This 3300-year-old bronze statue is 129 cm tall and weighs 1750 kg.

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The painting depicts Queen Napirasu, the wife of Ontash Gal, the great king of Elam. Although the body is really large, the head and left arm are damaged. The wife of the king of Elam wore a dress with a long skirt and short sleeves that covered her body.

Her dress is embroidered and decorated with fabric. The queen has four rings on her right hand and a ring on her left finger. Hands are folded in respect and reverence.

An inscription in Elamite can be seen on the edge of its hem. The artist engraved the names of the queen and her princes, asked the gods for their protection, and described religious events for her. Finally, there is a book of curses, in which God is asked to punish the person who harmed him.

The amount of metal used in this work is 1,750 kg, indicating the wealth and economic prosperity of the Middle Kingdom of Elam. The side of the statue is always covered with gold and silver.

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This museum has many pages like Shahnama, Mahsan-ul-Azrar and Hamse. The word Shaname refers to the Book of Kings written by the Iranian poet Ferdowsi in the 10th century AD. Makhzan-ol-Azrar is a wealth of secrets, and Hamse is five poems written by the Iranian poet Nizami in the 16th century AD.

All these books are real manuscripts, in which you can see pictures of famous Sassanid kings like Khosrow Anushirvan, famous kings like Faramars and Salomon.

Another work discovered by Frenchman Jean-Jacques de Morgan is a 4,200-year-old stele depicting the victory relief of Naram Sin, grandson of Sargon of Akkad. This painting depicts Naramzin, tall and wearing a horned helmet (a sign of his divine status). Also, at the top and left side of the column, he is holding a bow and arrow. He paid tribute to Shamash, the sun god, who had chosen him and helped him win.

Naramsin placed his feet on the bodies of two defeated enemy warriors (of the Lulubi clan). At that time, one of the enemy’s soldiers was killed by an arrow cutting his throat.

File:iran’s Heritages In Musée Du Louvre

Shah’s soldiers depicted in eight paintings are holding spears and raising flags as a symbol of victory. The obverse shows the Zagros Mountains and the king leading his victorious army up the mountainside. Two stars are burning above as symbols of their gods.

The document states that the last king of Elam took the letter to Shushan as a trophy. De Morgan found it here, in 1898.

Another important relic of the Louvre museum is the portrait of Fath Ali Shah, the second ruler of the Qajar dynasty. It was painted by Mehr Ali, an artist of the Qajar era, in the first quarter of the 19th century of our era. He used the technique of oil painting on canvas. The height of the picture is 240.7 cm, the width is 145 cm.

In the Louvre museum, you will visit a large room where you will find many facts about the Achaemenid civilization. De Morgan found it in the palace of Apadana in Susa. Darius the Great made his winter residence in BC. It was founded in 488.

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These include a 475 cm high by 375 cm wide polychrome slab of glazed siliceous ceramic, a gold bracelet with a lion’s head decorated in blue, and a stone pillar with a bull’s head.

The Shiraz carpet, made of wool and silk, dates back to the 10th century AD. It has blue color, red decoration and red border. Its height is 620 cm, width is 455 cm.

Anonymous, Musée du Louvre, Department of Moyenne Art, Renaissance and Modern Times, OAR 590 – – https://collections.

The Marlik Gold Cup is one of the most valuable works of Iran in the Louvre Museum. This bowl, found near Radbar in Gilan province, dates back to the 12th-14th centuries BC. Its height is 11 cm, width is 11 cm.

Glazed Brick Guardsman From Susa, Iran (illustration)

The discovery of these unique gold bowls led archaeologists to the conclusion that in the 1st millennium BC, aristocrats lived in these regions (Gilan and Mazandaran) with a rich culture and profession.

Made of electrum (a mixture of gold and silver), the marlik cup has its roots in ancient Iranian history. In these ornaments, which repeat in the bowl cycle, you see a two-headed dragon slaying a gazelle with its jaws. PARIS – I visited the ancient Persian city of Susa only once in 1982, during a trip to Iran’s western border. During the Iran-Iraq war. The Iraqis attacked a large part of the province of Khuzestan, where Susa is located, and the Iranians wanted to show their destruction to the outside world.

In the Old Testament, Susa is known as the place where Esther defeated Haman to save the Jews from destruction. It also has a 250-acre palace built by Darius the Great in the 5th century BC. The Iraqi invasion severely damaged the public remains of the palace.

When Darius became king of the Persian Empire, he made Susa his permanent capital. One of the oldest cities in the world, it was as important a commercial, industrial and political center as Persepolis, a magnificent site of similar size built by Darius.

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However, we know little about Susa before the Iraqi invasion. Over the centuries, the palace was captured, looted and destroyed by invaders.

Since 1885, French archaeologists have conducted large-scale excavations here. Most of the valuables they found – tens of thousands – ended up in the Louvre.

“France made a very clever diplomatic deal and gained a monopoly,” said Julien Cooney, curator of Persian collections at the Louvre. “For decades only the French dug, and everything they dug was allowed to come to France.”

The frieze with archers is one of the treasures of the Palace of Darius in the Near Eastern Antiquities Collection at the Louvre. Yes… Julien Mignot for the New York Times

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After Reza Shah came to power in Iran in 1925, a new treaty was negotiated, and from 1928, information was exchanged between the two countries. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 put an end to these joint efforts.

Today, the ruins of Susa are considered by the Louvre to be one of its greatest treasures. But unlike the blockbusters, including the Mona Lisa (the most visited cinema, signs are placed from the entrance of the great pyramid to the painting) and the Islamic collection (which is 30,000 square meters). -ft. Modernist Wing), the rooms of Darius Palace are not accessible and harder to find.

To get there, take the escalator to the right and enter the Passage Richelieu entrance at the bottom of the pyramid.

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