National Museum Of Natural History Washington Dc – This article is about the Washington museum. For the New York Museum, see American Museum of Natural History. For national museums in other countries, see National Museum of Natural History (disambiguation).
38°53’29” N 77°01’33” W / 38.8913° N 77.0259° W / 38.8913; -77.0259 Coordinates: 38°53’29” N 77°01’33” W / 38.8913° N 77.0259° W / 38.8913; -77.0259
National Museum Of Natural History Washington Dc
The National Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum operated by the Smithsonian Institution located on the National Capitol in Washington, DC. Admission is free and open 364 days a year. With 7.1 million visitors in 2021, it is the eighteenth most visited museum in the world and the second most visited natural history museum in the world after the Natural History Museum in London.
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Opened in 1910, the National Mall was one of the first Smithsonian buildings built solely to house the nation’s collections and research facilities.
The collection of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, human remains, and artifacts of human culture is the largest natural history collection in the world.
It is also home to about 185 professional natural history researchers—the largest group of scholars in the world dedicated to the study of natural and cultural history.
The United States National Museum was founded in 1846 as part of the Smithsonian Institution. The museum was originally housed in the Smithsonian Institution building, today known as the Smithsonian Castle. The official exhibition hall was opened in 1858.
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The growing collection led to the construction of a new building, the National Museum Building (now known as the Arts and Crafts Building). 2.25 acres (9100 sq
On January 29, 1903, a special committee consisting of members of Congress and representatives of the Smithsonian’s Board of Trustees issued a report asking Congress to fund a much larger structure than originally planned.
Districts began looking at new building sites in March and on April 12 settled on the north side of B Street between 9th and 12th streets.
A soil test for the foundation was scheduled for July 1903, with construction to take three years.
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The Natural History Building (originally known as the National Museum of Natural History) opened its doors to the public on March 17, 1910 to provide the Smithsonian Institution with additional space for collections and research.
The Neoclassical building was the first structure built on the north side of the National Mall as part of the Macmillan Commission plan in 1901. In addition to the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, it also housed collections of American history, art, and culture.
From 1990 to 2002, there were only six directors. Turnover was high as museum directors were frustrated by a lack of funding and the Smithsonian’s inability to clearly define the museum’s mission. Robert W. Freeh was appointed director of the museum in 1996.
One of the largest donations in Smithsonian history was made on Friday. Kenneth E. Bering donated $20 million in 1997 to modernize the museum. Frye resigned in 2001 after disagreeing with Smithsonian leadership over restructuring the museum’s research programs.
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J. Dennis O’Connor, Provost of the Smithsonian Institution (where he directed all scientific and research programs), was named Acting Director of the Museum on July 25, 2001.
Eight months later, O’Conner resigned to become vice president for academic affairs and dean of graduate studies at the University of Maryland.
In June 2002, National Museum of Natural History paleontologist Douglas Erwin was named interim director.
M.Sc. and Ph.D. Harvard University, March 31, 2003, became the permanent director of the museum.
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Alexander von Humboldt founded the Institute for Biological Resources Research and later in 2001 he directed the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. According to Smithsonian officials, Samper’s administrative experience was important to his appointment.
She received a gift of one million dollars from Tiffany & Co. to sell gems to the National Gemstone Collection.
On March 25, 2007, Laures M. Small, secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and the organization’s top official, abruptly resigned after public reports of shady dealings.
Paul G. Risser, former president of the University of Oklahoma, was named acting director of the Natural History Museum on March 29.
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Samper’s tenure at the museum was not without controversy. In May 2007, Robert Sullivan, former director of exhibits at the National Museum of Natural History, accused Samper and Smithsonian Science Advisor David Evans (Samper’s supervisor) of making the order “at the last minute.”
The exhibit “Arctic: The Strangely Acting Freeze” has been altered to minimize the role of humans in the global warming debate and to make global warming more ambiguous than it originally was. Samper died knowing scientific objections to the changes, and the Smithsonian said it was under no political pressure to make the changes.
In November 2007, The Washington Post reported that a panel of scientists from the Department of the Interior, NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the National Science Foundation believed that the museum was trying to avoid criticism despite Samper’s called. Congressional experts and global warming skeptics of the Bush administration.”
The changes were discussed in early August 2005, and Dr. Waleed Abdalati, head of NASA’s Cryosphere Science Program, noted at the time that “the political aspects of the show were discussed.”
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Although the show was supposed to debut in October 2005, the Post reported that Samper ordered a six-month delay to allow for other changes. The newspaper also said it obtained a memo prepared by Samper shortly after Oct. 15, 2005, in which Samper said the museum had not “moved” on the work of the International Panel on Climate Change. A few weeks later, NOAA’s climate scientist told the chief that the delay was due to “a debate between the administration and the scientific community about the existence and causes of global warming.”
During the delay, Samper asked senior officials from other government agencies and other agencies to review the exhibit’s script, ordered museum staff to make additional changes, and reorganized the exhibit’s layout to not enable the climate change debate. Museum visitors are immediately welcomed.
Shortly before the exhibit opened in April 2006, officials from NOAA and the US Department of Commerce suggested to their supervisors that the exhibit be modified in light of political concerns.
In a November 2007 interview with The Washington Post, Samper said he believed the exhibit represented a lack of scientific credibility, and that the museum should protect both sides of the debate and allow the public to express their opinions.
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The controversy intensified after media reports emerged that Samper had authorized the museum to accept a $5 million grant from the American Petroleum Institute to support the soon-to-be-opened Ocean Hall. Two members of the Smithsonian Institution’s board of directors (who had the final say on whether the grant was accepted or not) questioned whether the grant was a conflict of interest.
Risser resigned as museum director on January 22, 2008, to return to his position at the University of Oklahoma.
At that time, a new interim director had not been named. Six weeks later, the Smithsonian office selected Georgia Tech president G. Wayne Clough as its new secretary. Samper resigned to return to his post as director of the National Museum of Natural History.
The rest of the Samper Museum was less controversial. In June 2008, the family of Victoria and Roger Santee donated $15 million to build the new Ocean Hall museum.
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The museum celebrated the 50th anniversary of the discovery of the Hope Diamond in August 2009, giving the gem its own exhibition and new design.
In January 2012, Samper announced that he was leaving the National Museum of Natural History to become president and CEO of the Wildlife Conservation Society.
Two months later, the museum announced that it had received a $35 million donation to rebuild the dinosaur hall.
On July 25, 2012, Dwer was named Associate Director of Research and Collections at the Museum of Nature and Science, succeeding Kirk Johnson Samper, effective October 29, 2012.
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In 2021, a four-year strategic plan was announced. The Mall Museum building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2023.
The NMNH contains 90 percent of the Smithsonian Institution’s collection and is one of the largest and most comprehensive natural history collections.
In particular, the collection includes 30 million insects, 4.5 million plants stored in the herbarium of the museum, and 7 million fish stored in bottles filled with liquid.
The national collection of reptiles and amphibians has more than tripled from a record 190,000 specimens in 1970 to a record of more than 580,000 specimens in 2020.
Smithsonian National Museum Of Natural History
The remaining non-exhibited collection is held at the museum’s non-governmental research area and museum support center in Suitland, Maryland.
Other options include Ft. Marine Science Center. Pierce, Florida and field stations in Belize, Alaska and Kya.
The scientific research works of the museum are divided into departments: anthropology, botany, tomology, invertebrate zoology,
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