Mountain Ranges In Iran Map

Mountain Ranges In Iran Map – Iran is a very rugged country of plains and mountains with elevations of over 1,500 feet (460 m). The mountains surround the high interior basin of the country. Notable are the Elburz Mountains in the north, and the Zagros Mountains along Iran’s western borders, as seen on the physical map of Iran above. Iran’s highest point, Mount Damavand, reaches 18,934 feet (5,771 m). It is marked with a yellow triangle on the map and is part of the Elburz mountain range.

The central and eastern part is covered by the Iranian Plateau. Marked on the map, Dasht-e Kavir is a sandstone and salt desert plateau, one of the hottest places on the planet in the heat of summer.

Mountain Ranges In Iran Map

The most important river is the Karun in the south-west corner of the country. Lake Urmia (in the far northwest) is the largest body of water in the country.

Iran, Relief Map With Border Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

Iran (officially, the Islamic Republic of Iran) is divided into 31 administrative provinces (Ostanha, Sing. Ostan). Alphabetically, these provinces are: Alborz, Ardabil, Azarbaijan-e Gharbi (West Azerbaijan), Azarbaijan-e Sharqi (Eastern Azerbaijan), Bushehr, Chahar Mahal wa Bakhtiari, Isfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamdan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khorasan-e Jonubi (South Khorasan), Khorasan-e Razavi (Razawi Khorasan), Khorasan-e Shomali (North Khorasan), Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh wa Bauer Ahmad, Kordestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qazvin, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchistan, Tehran, Yard and Zanjan.

Largest country in the world. Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran. It is the most populous city in West Asia as well as the main cultural and economic center of the country.

Iran is a mountainous country in Western Asia. Iran is located in the northern and eastern part of the earth. Iran is bordered by Armenia and Azerbaijan to the northwest; Turkmenistan to the northeast; Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east; Iraq and Türkiye in the west. Iran is bordered by the Caspian Sea to the north and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south.

The blank map above shows Iran, a country in Western Asia. The map can be downloaded, printed and used for coloring or map reading activities. Description: Physical map of Iran with major geographic features such as elevation, mountains, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms, and other topographic features.

Physical Map Of Iran Satellite Images Of Iran

Iran or Persia is officially called the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is located in Western Asia with a total area of ​​1,648,195 square kilometers.

It is bordered by Turkmenistan to the northeast; to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east and Türkiye and Iraq in the west. It shares the coasts of the Caspian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Indian Ocean. Iran is located at the center of West Asia, Eurasia and the Strait of Hormuz and hence its geo-strategic importance is immense.

The landscape is dominated by mountains and it is one of the most mountainous countries in the world. They separate different parts of the land from each other, such as plateaus and valleys. The Caucasus, Zagros and Alborz are mountains in the western part of Iran. Damvand mountain is 5,610 meters above sea level.

Dense rainforests called Shomal or the Forest of Iran cover the northern part of Iran. The Dasht-e Kavir desert is located in the eastern part of the country.

Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways

Dasht e Lut is the largest desert and is located in the north of the country. The only large plateau is on the coast of the Caspian Sea. Although every effort is made to follow the rules of citation style, there may be some differences. Please refer to the appropriate style guide or other resource if you have questions.

Encyclopedia editors Encyclopedia editors manage subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, either through years of experience working in that field or through additional degree studies. They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors.

The Elburz Mountains, also called Alborz, Albourz, Alburz, or Elburs, Persian Reshteh-ye Kuhha-ye Alborz, is a large mountain range in northern Iran, 900 km high. The range, as generally defined, extends in an arc from the border of Azerbaijan southwest to the Caspian Sea, the Khorasan region of northeastern Iran, to the southeast of the Caspian Sea, where the border joins the Aladag, which The two are the more south of the main. , there limit. However, perhaps the westernmost part of the mountain is called the Talysh (Talysh, Talesh or Tavlesh) range or the Bogrov Dag. The Elburz range, in its strict sense, is part of the central part of the range, which also includes Iran’s two highest peaks, Mount Damavand and Mount Alam. The Elburz mountain system crosses almost the entire northern part of Iran from east to west.

The Elburz range is not actually alpine (like the European Alps) in structure as is often suggested. On the one hand, continental conditions in terms of sedimentation can be seen in coal seams in coarse Devonian sandstones (about 360 to 415 million years ago) and in Jurassic rocks (about 145 to 200 million years ago). Marine conditions, on the other hand, are found in layers dating back to the Carboniferous and Permian periods (about 300 million years old), which are mostly composed of limestones, and also in very thick beds of green volcanic tuff and lava. The orogenic (mountain building) interest dates from the Miocene and Pliocene (between about 23 and 2.6 million years ago). over large areas they form only a loose fold; But in the Central Elburz several folds are formed mainly in blocks in the south, but in places in the north, with cores made of Paleozoic rocks (older than 250 million years). Structurally and topographically, the Elburz system is less clearly defined in the southern part of the Caspian (northern) part of the chain, as several branching elements connect it to the adjacent Iranian plateau in the southern part.

Iran Mountains Snow Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

The western Elbrus range runs for 125 miles (200 km) to the southeast. Varying in width from 15 to 20 miles (24 to 32 km), it forms an asymmetrical ridge, whose upper slope faces the Caspian Sea. Some of its peaks reach or exceed 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in height. There is a low pass west of Astara, near the border with Azerbaijan, at 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level. The Safid River, formed at the junction of the Qezel Ovzan (Qisil Uzun) and Shahrud rivers, is the only river that crosses the full width of the range: its gorge, which provides access to the lower channel of Qazvin, provides the best route. . through the mountains, though not smoothly, between the region of Gilan on the coast of the Caspian Sea and the interior plains to the south.

The central Elburz is 250 miles (400 km) long. To the east of the longitude of Tehran, south of the range, it reaches a width of 75 miles (120 km). There are some important settlement centers located between longitudinal valleys and range ridges, including the cities of Delaman, Razan, Kojur and Namar on the Caspian side and Emamshahr (formerly Shahrud), Lar, Damavand and Firozkuh in the southern part. Side. There are many canals where the rivers meet at some slope or the other. Only two passes allow easy crossing in one ascent – ​​these are the Kandevan Pass, between the Karaj and Chalu rivers, and the Gaduk Pass, between the Hableh and Tala rivers. The main divide is mostly south of the highest ridge, which – except for the high and isolated cone of the extinct volcano Mount Damavand (18,386 ft [5,604 m]) – terminates in the glacial massif of Takht-e Soleiman, which rises to the top of the mountain. over 15,750 feet (4,800 m).

The eastern, or Shahkuh, Elburz runs for about 185 miles (300 km) in a northeasterly direction. Since two sequences are found in the branch in the southern part and no compensatory elements in the northern part, the width is reduced to less than 30 mi (48 km). Except for the Shahkuh range (which reaches a height of 3,767 m), the range increases in height towards the east. In the east of Shahkuh, decreasing high valleys are found. There are some paths at lower altitudes.

The Caspian Sea and the inner, or southern slope of the Elburz are very different from each other in climatic and vegetative aspects. The Caspian slope has a typical humid climate, thanks to the movement of the northern wind, enriched with moisture from the sea, which collides with the steep faces of the mountains, causing precipitation. The plains of the Gilan region receive more than 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation per year and higher in the highlands. Although it decreases towards the east, it is still sufficient to feed a moist forest along the entire length of the Caspian Sea chain.

The Kinematics Of The Zagros Mountains (iran)

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