Pasargad Garden At Pasargadae Iran.

Pasargad Garden At Pasargadae Iran. – Do you want to discover the secrets of the first capital of the great empire of the classical world? Then you have come to the right place! The royal complex of Pasargadae (UNESCO Heritage) is a testimony to the beauty of Persian culture and civilization. Located near Shiraz, today’s ruins were the palaces, halls and gardens that belonged to Cyrus the Great, the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. The typical monument in which he lives forever is the symbol of the complex.

In 550 BC, Cyrus the Great founded what was the largest empire of antiquity: the Achaemenid Empire. From that time, the empire continued to grow until it covered the land that stretched from India to Egypt and the Black Sea and the Danube to Central Asia. This made it possible to combine the best of culture, science and art from each nation. Known for their high tolerance of religious differences, road and postal systems, development of public services, and large professional armies, the Amenids influenced the philosophy, religion, language, and architecture of the nations under their rule. Now the remains of his art, skill and clarity are among the most valuable historical and archaeological treasures in the world.

Pasargad Garden At Pasargadae Iran.

The Amenites had several capitals: Babylon, Pasargada, Persepolis, Ecbatana (Hamadan) and Susa. According to the Roman historian and geographer Strabo, when Cyrus the Great defeated the last Median king in 550 BC, he ordered the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire to be built near the site of his victory. Therefore, in a large garden, he laid the foundations of structures that he did not live long enough to complete: an entrance hall, an audience hall, a residential hall and 2 garden pavilions. Archaeologists believe they may have taken the stone from Iona in Greece to create the palace. For many years, Pasargadae remained the capital of the great empire until Cambyses II moved it to Susa. However, Pasargadae probably retained its importance as the religious capital of the kingdom where the coronation ceremonies of the kings took place.

Pasargad City Of Fars

During the year of his reign over Persia, Cyrus I received a mortal wound that killed him. His friends took his body to Pasargad and buried him there. Later in 424 BC, Alexander the Great visited and restored the tomb. The tomb is the only visible monument mentioned in traditional traveller’s accounts. Although we have not found these items in the tomb, an ancient record says that it contained a golden bed, a golden coffin, inscriptions, precious ornaments and a table with drinking vessels. The site was first excavated in 1905 and registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004. Finally, in 2006, near the Tal-e Takht fort, which is located on the northeastern edge of Pasargada, archaeologists found the remains of Cyrus’ tomb. son, Cambyses II.

The structure of Pasargadae is an example of the first phase of Achaemenid art. Also, it is a perfect representation of the original multicultural empire. Some of its elements are depicted in the art and architecture of Mesopotamia, Elam, Babylon, Assyria, Lydia and ancient Egypt. However, the halls, palaces, garden porches and gates also reflect the architectural traditions of Iranian nomads living in large tents.

Today, all that remains of the magnificent capital of the Achaemenids is the tomb of Cyrus I, the Tal-e Takht fortress and the remaining palaces, halls and gardens. The first thing that catches your eye is the tomb of Cyrus. The different position of the cemetery has created an interesting landscape with the wide fields surrounding it. The overall design of the limestone tomb gives a sense of simplicity, integrity and holiness. Similar to a Greek monument, the structure uses refined details and perfect symmetry in its proportions and lines. The construction methods of Cyrus’ tomb and its architectural decorations are of Western origin. However, its overall design and the way things are put together make the tomb original. The room has a low, narrow door and its only decoration is a rosette above the door.

The royal gardens of Pasargadae are an example of the four-part garden structure of the UNESCO Persian Gardens. Aqueducts defined the spaces between buildings, water playing an important role for irrigation and decoration. The palace area was about one kilometer north of the tomb. There was a uniform structure that linked the halls, palaces and gardens together. The stone platforms, steps, doors, floors and columns that became characteristic of Achaemenid architecture had their counterparts in the west. The main architectural element of the period, the stone pillars of the hall, was also a Western element that first appeared in the East in Pasargadae.

Burial Grave Of Cyrus The Great In Pasargad Of Shiraz Stock Photo

Above the remains of the northeast gate of Pasargada, you can find the figure of a man with wings carved in stone. As one of the most preserved parts of Pasargada, the art and philosophy of the 2500-year-old relief meet. The model is like an art gallery that creates a beautiful picture of the unity of different cultures. Syro-Phoenician style, Egyptian crowns, Elamite dress, Ionian rosette borders, and Neo-Babylonian elements make each great emperor stand out from the nations under his rule.

The magical creature is seen begging. He has bushy hair, 4 arms, a crown and a long cloak. Above the crown, you can see the ram’s long horns as a symbol of royal power. Pointing to the 4 directions of the earth, the 4 wings symbolize Cyrus the Great’s reign over the ancient world. The relief originally came with a text of which only parts remain today.

On the western slope of the hill north-east of Pasargada, there is a stone platform: Tal-e Takht (Throne Hill). Different parts of this fort belong to different eras, some are probably a little older than Pasargada. Probably, the construction of Tal-i Takht started during the reign of Cyrus I. But it remained unfinished after his death. The structure could be the base of a fort to house palaces and temples. Probably during the reign of Darius I, they added a solid mud structure to the platform. Research shows that the building was destroyed by fire in 280 BC. Also, the fact that many collections of coins were found in his treasure room indicates that the fire was started by an enemy who was unaware of their existence.

As with many places in the area, the best time to visit Pasargada is spring. In early spring, the weather is fine, the ground is covered with grass and wildflowers, and the spring breeze fills the air.

The 24 Iran Unesco World Heritage Sites & Gardens

If you are not a traveler at heart, visiting all parts of Pasargadae may be a challenge for you. But fear not, the shuttle buses available at the complex are there to show you around.

Pasargadae is located 40 km northeast of Persepolis and 130 km from Shiraz in the green plain known as Dasht-e Murgab. To get there from Shiraz, you can take a bus or taxi from Karandish Bus Station. They will take you to the city of Sadatshar. From Sadatshahr, there are buses that can take you to Pasargad.

Then book our multi-day cultural tours or sightseeing tours in Persepolis, Naqsh-e Rostam and Pasargade.

Are you ready to leave Shiraz for Isfahan? Then make the most of your trip by visiting the ancient treasures of Persia! Let’s meet…

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Introducing Zahra, the Iranian beauty, is a fun and easy task! In addition, art, culture, literature, mythology and all the wonderful secrets of our wonderful world set the soul on fire! This is what makes Zahra a filmmaker, a voracious reader and a passionate writer. “Garden History: Philosophy and Architecture 2000 BC-2000 AD,” a systematic study of 150 gardens across four millennia of garden design, is now available in Persian.

Water Channels Of The Garden’s Irrigation System

The publishing house of Tehran-based Rajai University of Teacher Training recently published an illustrated book by famous English designer Tom Turner, 70, completed in 2005 after 30 years, IBNA reports.

Turner traces the development of the garden through history and social, political and philosophical boundaries. With photographs, plans and fashion sketches, each chapter critically examines a particular type of garden as part of a wider social and political context and as an aesthetic tool, asking how each garden design reflects the philosophical orientation of its creator. his.

In the introduction to this book, Turner thanks “my colleagues Professor Mehrdad Shokuhi (Iranian architect and writer) for their advice on Chapter 4 (West Asian and Islamic Gardens 500 BC–1700 AD) and Michael Lancaster”.

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